An ethnographic musicologist is someone who studies music in relation to the culture and society that produces it. They use methods such as fieldwork, historical research, and comparative analysis to understand how music reflects and shapes human experiences, values, and identities. Ethnographic musicologists are interested in all kinds of music, from traditional folk songs to popular genres, and from different regions and communities around the world.
Rebecca Bodenheimer on ThoughtCo describes it as
Ethnomusicology is the study of music within the context of its larger culture, though there are various definitions for the field. Some define it as the study of why and how humans make music. Others describe it as the anthropology of music. If anthropology is the study of human behavior, ethnomusicology is the study of the music humans make.
My current field of study is music education in Western music and its comparisons in different cultures.